March 15, 2019
As early as January, the king fruit mango is seen arriving at the Gaddiannaram Fruit Market in Southern India. The instruction of the FSSAI to use ethylene gas for ripening of mangoes is also ready. However, the fruit traders are waiting and are of the say that the authorities are yet to establish and confirm a mechanism for this fruit ripening. The trading and marketing department are yet to set up ‘Ethylene Ripening Chambers.’
In a short while, the trail of trucks will increase in numbers and there is an urgent need to have a proper set-up for fruit ripening as per rules. Bainganpalli, Totapuri and Suvarnarekhavarieties of mangoes are the most common that come to the market. Using carbide as a ripening agent is a punishable offence under the FSSAI Act 2006, as the chemical is carcinogenic.
Mangoes from districts like Chittoor,Kadapa,Krishna, Khammam, Kurnool,Mahboobnagar, Nalagonda, Nuziveedu,Nandyala, Rajampeta and other places come to the fruit market. The mangoes are also brought in from the states of Kolar District, Karnataka, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. These imported mangoes are usually sent to Northern partof India especially to Delhi and Maharashtra for the artificial ripening of mangoes.
The procedure of artificial ripening of mangoes takes around 4 to 5 days for the fruit to change color from raw green to ripened yellow. The sachets of Ethylenechemical are placed in the wooden caskets of raw mangoes at the time of packing and exporting them from Hyderabad to other parts of India. While in transit, the mangoes get ripened and ready for the market consumption.